The length of the Short integrals of Solāh
In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and Thanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of al-'ālamīn. There is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam, is His Messenger.
Question: Is it necessary that the time that you spend between prostrations should be lesser than the time you spend in Prostration? Similarly the time you spend after ruku’, while standing should be lesser than the time you spend in ruku’. When we pray quickly, we sometimes don’t recite anything during ruku’ and sujud. Jazakallāh khyran. (From UAE)
A brief standing after ruku’, is called the `itidal and sitting between prostrations are considered short integrals of the solāh.
Although they are not intended integrals in and of themselves, but rather separators between long integrals, they are nevertheless integrals in the Shāfi`ie School Of Thought. But according to Imām Abu Hanifah (rahimallāh) and one of two views held by Imām Mālik, rising after ruku’ is not obligatory, thus, one may go directly from ruku’ to prostration without rising up and standing (Fath al-’Aziz 1:512).
Sheikh Sa’id Ba’ishn (rahimahullāh) states that:
If one intentionally lengthens the ‘itidal or the sitting between prostrations beyond the amount of time it takes to recite the prescribed supplications therein, which is equal to the Al-Fatihah in `itidal and the minimal tashahhud when sitting between prostrations, ones solāt is invalidated if one knows that such lengthening will render it nullified; Many scholars preferred the position that these are long integrals. (1:210)
In conclusion, `itidal and sitting between the two prostrations do not have to be shorter than ruku’ and sujud, rather, what is requires is that you do not lengthen the two short integrals beyond the limit mentioned above in Bushra al-Karim.
And Allāh Almighty Knows Best
[Via Shafiifiqh.com (Fatwa Dept.) on Nov 5, 2011]