Friday, August 16, 2013

The Essence of Sincere Repentance

The Essence of Sincere Repentance

By Sadaf Farūqi

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and thanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of al-`ālameen. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam is His Messenger.

How many times has your conscience piped up to you at some time along the day with a “I should not have done that,” followed by a feeling of remorse and guilt; of wanting to undo a damage caused, of wishing for things to have gone along a better route? How many times do images of some of your past actions flash back at you, making you queasy and uncomfortable, wanting to go back to that time and living those moments again, without doing those wrong actions?

Definition of Tawbah

The word “tawbah (repentance)” in Arabic literally means “to turn”. This word and its renditions have been used in many verses in the Qur’an, but its essence is the same: to turn towards Allah in humility after having disobeyed Him or transgressed His limits.

Allah the Almighty says: “Do they not know that it is Allāh Who accepts the repentance of His servants and receives (approves) their charity, and that Allāh is the Relenting, the Compassionate?” (At-Tawbah, 9: 104);  “Say: ‘O My servants, who wronged against their souls, do not despair of Allāh’s mercy! For Allāh forgives all sins; for He is indeed Forgiving, Compassionate.” (Az-Zumar, 39: 53)

Allah has ordained regular repentance (istighfār), – the act of seeking forgiveness from Allah – on all believers, because He has created mankind weak; hence all humans are innate sinners.

Allah the Almighty says: “Man was created weak.” (An-Nisā’ 4: 28)

The trouble with human beings is that they can never, ever reach a state in which they will not commit sins. Those, whom Allah has blessed with higher ranks of righteousness (taqwa), can reach a level, in which the magnanimity and regularity of their sins is greatly reduced, but no believer can ever rest at peace about not committing a sin in the future.

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (radiyallāhu`anhu) narrated: The Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said: "The believer regards his sins as if he were sitting beneath a mountain which he fears it may fall on him; whereas the sinner (munafiq) regards his sins as if a fly landed on his nose and he wiped it away." [Al-Bukhari]

Therefore, the state of the believer is, sometimes, that of utter anguish: he hates to disobey His Master; he wishes there was some way to guarantee that he won’t commit a sin in the future; that he will not ever anger His Lord again – but the intelligent and knowledgeable believer knows that this is not possible.

Consequently, he is never at rest about the fact that no matter how much he hates to displease Allah, there will be times when he inadvertently will.

Practical Steps for Minimizing Sins

Therefore, the wise believer takes the following proactive steps in order to minimize the regularity and severity of the sins he commits:
  • He strives to gain knowledge of the levels and types of sins. He wants to know which sins anger Allah more and which anger Him less.
  • He focuses on racing forward in good deeds, so that his good deeds (hasanat) might outweigh his bad ones (sayi’at) on the Day of Judgment.
  • He tries to convey the message of Islam, commanding what is good and forbidding what is evil, to mankind in general, by any and all means available, in order to ensure that he is constantly reminded of what actions and qualities he has to stay away from.
  • He seeks to stay in the company of pious people (muttaqeen) as long as possible, so that he is able to realize his sin as soon as he commits it, and so that his chances of falling into graver sins are minimized.
  • Last but not least, he makes repentance an integral and regular part of his life, knowing that, being human, whatever sins he will inevitably commit, cannot be washed away except with daily, heartfelt, sincere repentance, or tawbah; and by following them up with lofty good deeds that appease Allah’s wrath.
Special Terms of Tawbah

In the Qur’an, there is a special mention in reference to tawbah, describing it as a word that is mentioned to denote the highest level of purity and sincerity, that is: Tawbah Nasuha, Arabic for sincere repentance.

Allah the Exalted ordains Muslims to reach this level saying: “O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance” [At-Tahrim 66: 8]

The difference between “tawbah” and “Tawbah Nasuha” is therefore, the level of sincerity and truth with which it is enacted.

 `Ali ibn Abi Talib (radiyallāhu`anhu) describes the following Six traits of the  Tawbah Nasuha:

1. Stopping the Sin Immediately:

Sincere repentance cannot be initiated if the believer is still committing the sin. Cessation of the wrong action is the first prerequisite step towards repenting from it. So unless the sin is abandoned, whether it is gheebah, slander, abuse, earning money via unlawful means (like usury, indecency, tabarruj, etc.), leaving obligatory prayers, or lying etc., repentance is phony.

2. Feeling Intense All-Enveloping Regret and Remorse:

This might be embodied as a state of deep sorrow, brought on by fearing Allah’s wrath and displeasure, at having done wrong. The higher the level of the believer’s piety, the sooner he experiences this state of anguish, and the stronger is his regret. He might cry in privacy, with deep sobs shaking his body and hot tears wetting his face, as he regrets what he has done. He cannot carry on his day-to-day activities feeling like this, so he hastens to the next step.

3. Confessing the Sin to Allah:

The believer usually falls immediately in prostration, or rushes to perform ablution and stand in nafl prayer (optional prayer). He is teetering between extreme fear of Allah’s anger and undying hope of His Mercy, as he recites the Qur’an with full concentration, his body humbled and submissive. His ruku’ and sujud are long and intense. His eyes are flowing with hot tears of regret. He admits to Allah that he has wronged his soul, that he has disobeyed Him.

Abu Bakar As-Siddiq (radiyallāhu`anhu) reports: “I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saying: ‘Allah forgives the man who commits a sin (then regretted it), purifies himself, offers a solah and seeks His forgiveness.’ Then Rasulullāh (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) recited the ayah: ‘And those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins , and who can forgive sins except Allah? And will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did. The reward of such will be forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever, a bountiful reward for workers.’ ” (Al-‘lmran: 135-136). [Recorded by Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'ie, Ibn Mājah, Al-Baihaqi, and At-Tirmidzi who calls it hasan.]

Another narration from Abu ad-Darda (radiyallāhu`anhu) who reported: The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Whoever makes wudhu’ and perfects the wudhu’ and then stands and perform solah two rak’at or four rak’at, obligatory or non-obligatory, and perfects therein his ruku’ and sujjud and then seek Allah’s forgiveness, he will be forgiven.” [Recorded by At-Tabarani (rahimahullāh) in Al-Mu’jam Al-Kabir, with a hasan chain]

Alternatively, other means can be used to confess one’s sin. The believer might immediately raise his hands in du’aa in privacy, or he might recite the Qur’an, after which he can confess in silent whispers to the One closest to him, that he has committed a sin.

4. Asking Allah To Forgive Him:

Reciting any of the transmitted (ma’thur) du`ā for repentance narrated from the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam), or using his own words, the believer anxiously and sincerely asks Allah to forgive him.

5. Resolving Firmly Never To Commit That Sin Again:

In his heart, he resolutely vows never even to go near the action that caused him so much regret and guilt; that made His Lord angry with him, ever again.

6. Returning Dues or Offering Expiation:

The believer should then apologize to the person he has wronged, or return what he has unlawfully taken, if the sin he committed was one concerned with the rights of other human beings; else, he should offer expiation if it is required, if the sin he committed has a specified expiation ordained in Islam as part of repentance from it.

Many People Disregard the Message

Many people do not listen to words of advice or to the message of Islam, nor attend gatherings of knowledge or dzikir, because they do not want to end up feeling guilty for the way of life they are leading. They have their long-term friends, their social activities that involve unlawful things, their chosen professions, which too, have their share of impermissible aspects; they have their die-hard destructive habits and negative personality traits.

They disobey Allah with a carefree abandon that they know will vanish if they agree to listen to the Qur’an or hadiths. They want to go on as they are, unbothered and complacent about life in general, without wanting to get into the nitty-gritty of halal and haram; of Islamic restrictions and worries. At times of happiness, they feel a temporary elation and euphoria that passes all too quickly; at times of loss and sorrow, they feel an aching emptiness, an abysmal dead-end that stifles them.

To these people, I say:

"Where will you run from Allah? For how long will you escape Him? For how long can you delude yourself about the purpose of your life? You don’t want to give up your life, your pleasures, your desires, your friends and your stylish look for the sake of Allah, but then why do you, at times, feel so empty, so alone? Why do you sometimes ask yourself, “Is this all there is? Isn’t there more to life than just eating, drinking and being merry?” Why do you feel pangs of guilt for doing wrong things? Why does the thought of death terrify you? Why do you have a feeling of impending doom, that surely “Allah” will severely punish you one day?”

If you really feel you are better off than an “Islamically-restricted” believer, with a heart that feels no remorse for disobeying your Creator, and no love for Him, no recognition of who He is and what He wants from you, you are worse off than the person who experiences bouts of regret over his sins that keep him awake at night and make him rush forth with tearful repentance!

Allah the Almighty Is Most Forgiving

Anas Ibn Malik (radiyallāhu`anhu) narrated: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) saying:"Allah the Almighty said: “O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great at it”. [At-Tirmidzi]

If each and every Muslim in the ummah today, were to repent with Absolute Sincerity – Tawbah Nasuha – only then can we, as a whole, expect the Ever Merciful One to turn towards us again and forgive us, alleviating us from the destructive antagonistic onslaught of the non-believers and enemies of Islam.

And Allah Almighty knows Best

[Excerpted with slight modification from: obtained Via Onislam, 12 August 2010]

Kaifiat  Seeking Allah’s Forgiveness and Repentance

1.Solah At-Tawbah

Abu Bakar As-Siddiq (radiyallāhu`anhu) reported: "I heard the Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) saying: 'Allah forgives the man who commits a sin (then feels ashamed), purifies himself, offers a solah and seeks His forgiveness.' Then the Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) recited: ‘And those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins - and who can forgive sins except Allah? - And will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did. The reward of such will be forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever- a bountiful reward for workers. [Ali-`Imran: 135-136]’”. [Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'ie, Ibn Majah, al-Baihaqi, and at-Tirmidzi who calls it hasan.]

Abu ad-Darda'(radiyallāhu`anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: "Whoever makes wudhu' and perfects the wudhu' and then stands and performs solah two rak`at or four rak`at; obligatory or non-obligatory; and perfects therein his ruku' and sujud and then asks for Allah's forgiveness, he will be forgiven." [At-Tabarani recorded in Al-Mu'jam Al-Kabir, with a hasan chain]

2.Supplications seeking Allah's Forgiveness and Repentence

“O Allah I erred tremendously, I regretted it; so forgive my sins and protect me from the punishment of the Fire; Guide me on the right path”

(In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, Most Merciful).
Al-Hamdulilahi Rabbil `ālameen Hamdan yuwafini’ma hu wayukāfi umazīdah
(Praise is to Allāh, the Lord of the universe praise to all the immeasurable blessings and graciousness bestowed to us).
Ya Rabbana Lakalhamdu kamayañ banghi Lijalâli wajhilakirimi wa`adzimi Sultānik
(O Lord! For you all the Praise appropriateness the attributes and greatness of Thy kingdom).


Was-Salātu was-Salāmu `ala Sayyidil Mursalīn waimamil Muttaqīn, Wa `ala alihi baitihi wasahbihi ajmaeen.
(Salawāt and Sālam upon the Sayyid of the Apostles, it’s righteous followers, members of his household and all the companions.

A Narrated Version

Allāhumma salli ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala āli Muhammad kamā sallayta ‘ala āli Ibrāheem, Wa bārik ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala āli Muhammad kama bārakta ‘ala āli Ibrāheem, fil-‘ālameen; Innaka Hamīdum Majeed

(O Allāh! Send Prayers upon Muhammad and the members of his household as Thou Sent Prayers upon the members of Ibrahim's household.And Send Blessings to Muhammad and the members of his household as Thou  granted Blessings upon the members of the household of Ibrāhim, among all the nations’ Verily Thou are Most Praiseworthy) Full of Glory)

[Muslim (803); Abu Dawud, Book on Blessings on the Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) after Tashahhud (976: from Ka’ab bin ‘Ujrah; 980: from Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari uses the phrase “ ‘ala āli Ibrāhīm, Fil-‘ālameen; Innaka Hamīdun Majīd”); At-Tirmidzi (3220) - includes Fil-‘ālameen,  Ibrāhīm wa ala); Al-Nasā’ie; this version is linguistically sound].

Admitting the Commit of Sins

Rabbanā Dzalamnā anfusanā Wain lam taghfir lanā lanaku nanna minal khāsireen.
(Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.)

[Al-`Araf, 7:23]

The Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said to his companions: "Shall I not tell you some words which, if distress or grief befalls any of you and he offers this supplication, it will bring him joy? It is the duā’ of Dzul-Nun (i.e. Yunus or Jonah):

“Lāilā hailla Anta Subhānaka inni kuntu minadz dzālimeen”
(There is no god but You, Glory to You; verily I was one of the wrongdoers.) [Surah Anbiya, 21:87]”

[Sahih al-Jāmi‘, no. 2605]


Ibn Mas’ud (radiyallāhu`anhu) said: Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said, “He who says:

(I seek the forgiveness of Allāh, who is devoid of imperfection)
Alladzi lā ilāha illā,
(Which there is no true god except Allāh),
(He, the Ever Living One; the Self-Existing One),
Wa atūbuilaīh
(And I turn to Him in repentance)”

His sins will be forgiven even if he should have run away from the battlefield (while he was engaged in fighting for the Cause of Allāh).”

[Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidzi and Al-Hakim].

Seeking the Jannah (the Abode of Peace)

Thawban bin Bjadad (radiyallāhu`anhu) reported: Whenever Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) concluded his Solāh; Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) would seek forgiveness from Allāh [i.e Astaghfirullāh! (I beseech Allāh for forgiveness,] thrice and then would recite:

“Allāhumma antas-Salām
( O Allāh, You are the One Who is free from all defects and deficiencies,
Wa minkas-Salām
(And free from all deficiencies)
[Wa ilai kaya`udus- Salām,
[From Thou come the well-being,
Fahaiyina-Rabbana-bis- Salām,
(To Thou shalt return the well-being);
Wa ad-khilnal-Jan-nata Darus- Salām]
(Thus bless us Jannah, the Abode of Peace])
Tabārakta [Rabbana wa ta`a laita,]
(Shower us Your blessing [O Our Lord! the Most High]);
Ya Dzal-Jalali wal-ikram”
(O Possessor of majesty and honour!)


Another Istighfar of Rasūlullāh

‘Rabb ighfir li wa tubb `alayya
(O Rabb, forgive me and accept my repentance)
Innaka antat-tawwābul- Ghafūr –Raheem
(For You are the Accepter of Repentance, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful)

`Abdullah Ibn `Umar (radiyallāhu`anhu) said: We would count for the Messenger of Allāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) in one sitting 100 times: ‘Rabb ighfir li wa tubb `alayya innaka antat-tawwābul-raheem (O Allāh, forgive me and accept my repentance, for You are the Accepter of Repentance, Most Merciful)’. According to another report: ‘Rabb ighfir li wa tubb alayya Innaka antat-tawābul-ghafūr (O Allāh, forgive me and accept my repentance, for You are the Acceptor of Repentance, Oft-Forgiving)’. 

[Abu Dawud (1516) and At-Tirmidzi (3434) and others: sahih].

The Du`a Rasūlullāh taught Abu Bakar As-Siddiq

`Abdullah bin ‘Amr (radiyallāhu`anhu) narrated that Abu Bakar As-Siddiq (radiyallāhu`anhu) reported: I requested the Messenger of Allāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) to teach me a supplication which I could recite in my Solāt. Thereupon he said, “Recite:

‘Allāhumma inni Dzalamtu nafsi Dzulman Kathira,
(O Allāh, indeed I have wronged myself greatly,
Wa la Yaghfiruz-dzunuba illa Anta,
(None who can forgives sins but You).
Faghfir li Maghfiratañ min ‘indika, warhamni;
(So grant me pardon and have mercy on me;)
Innaka Antal-Ghafu-rur-Raheem’
(For you are the All-Forgiving, Most Merciful).

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

The Sayyid-ul-Istighfar

Shaddad bin Aus (radiyallāhu`anhu) said: Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said, "The best supplication for seeking forgiveness (Sayyid-ul-Istighfar) is to say:
Allāhumma Anta Rabbi, Lā ilāha illa Anta,
(O Allāh! You are my Rabb. There is no true god except You)
Khalaqtani Wa ana `abduka, Wa ana `ala `ahdika wa wa’dika mastata’tu
(You have created me, and I am Your slave and I hold to Your Covenant as far as I can,)
A `udzu bika min sharri ma sana’tu,
(I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done)
Abu `u laka bini’ matika `alayya, Wa abu `u bidzanbi
(And I acknowledge the favours that You have bestowed upon me and I confess my sins).
Faghfir li, Fa innahu la yaghfirudz-dzunuba illa Anta
(Pardon me for none but You has the power to pardon).

He who supplicates in these terms during the day with firm belief in it and dies on the same day (before the evening), he will be one of the dwellers of Jannah; and if anyone supplicates in these terms during the night with firm belief in it and dies before the morning, he will be one of the dwellers of Jannah."


Seeking Jannah Refuge from Fire

It was narrated that the Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said to a man (one of the Sahabah): “What do you say when you prayer (Du’a after the Tashahhud)?” He said: “I recite the Tashahhud, then I say:
“Allāhumma inni as alukal-Jannah wa a`udzu bika Minan-nār”
(O Allāh, I ask You for Paradise and seek refuge in You from the Fire).
I cannot murmur like you and like Mu‘adz.” Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said: “It is about them that we were murmuring.” 

[ Abu Dawud, 792: sahih]

Seeking Forgiveness

Aishah (radiyallahu`anha) reported that she asked Allah’s Messenger (Sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam), “O Messenger of Allah! If I knew which night is Lailatul-Qadar, what should I say during it?” And he instructed her to say:

Allāhumma innaka `afuw
(O Allah! Thou are forgiving),
Wun kar`m tuhibbul `afwa
(And Thou love forgiveness)
Fa’ fu `añna,
(So forgive us)
[And add: Wa `an walidina
(And our parents),
Wa `an jami`il Muslimeena wal Muslimaat Mu’mineena wal Mu’minaat,
(Muslim and Muslimat, Mu’minin and Mu’minat
Al ahyā iminhum wal amwāt
(The dead and those alive]
(With Thou mercy)
Ya Arhamar Rāhimeen
(Thou are most Gracious and the Merciful).]

[ Ahmad, Ibn Mājah, and At-Tirmidzi]

Dzikir Tawhid

Abu Hurairah (radiyallāhu`anhu) reported Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said: "He who recites after every solāh: “
‘Subhān-Allāh (Allāh is free from imperfection)’ thirty-three times;
‘Al-Hamdu lillāh (All the Praise be to Allāh)’ thirty-three times;
‘Allāhu Akbar (Allāh is Greatest)’ thirty-three times;

And completes the hundred with:
Lā ilāha illallāhu, wahdahu lā sharika lah, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli shay iñ Qadeer
(There is no true god except Allāh. He is One and He has no partner with Him. His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Omnipotent),
Will have all his sins pardoned even if they may be as large as the foam on the surface of the sea.''

[ Muslim]

Seeking of Goodness in Dunya and Hasanah

Rabbanā innanā amanna faghfir lana zunūbana waqina `adzābannār
(Those who say, "Our Lord, indeed we have believed, so forgive us our sins and protect us from the punishment of the Fire,") 

[Ali-`Imran 3: 16]

Anas Ibn Mālik (radiyallāhu`anhu) who said: “The supplication most often recited by Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam):
Allahumma-ātina-fid-dunya hasanah, wa fil-ākhirati-hasanah, Wa-qina-`ādzabānnār
(O Allah! Bestow upon us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the punishment of the Fire).’” (Al-Baqārah 2:201)

[Al-Bukhāri, Muslim, and Tarmidzi].

Tarmidzi (rahimullāh) said: “Hasanah is very comprehensive and includes in all kinds of good and benefits of this world and of the Hereafter. Good health, wealth and satisfaction of the world and good status in Jannah, forgiveness from sins and Allāh’s bounties and favours in both worlds are included in this duā’” [ At-Tarmidzi]

Seeking Steadfast In the Religion

Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jarir Al-Tabari (rahimahullah) recorded that Umm Salamah (radiyallāhu`anha), reported that the Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) used to supplicate: ‘Ya Muqallibal-qulubi, thabbit qalbi `ala Deenik (O Controller of the hearts makes my heart steadfast in Your religion and to Your obedience).” Rasulullah (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) then recited: 
Rabbana la tuzia’qulubana ba’ daiz hadaitana wahab Lana min laduñ karahmah; Iñnaka an tal Wahhāb. 
(Our Lord! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after Thou have guided us, and grant us mercy from Thou. Truly, Thou are the Bestower.) (Ali-`Imran, 3:8)

[ Muslim and At-Tirmidzi]

‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud (radiyallāhu`anhu) reported: The Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) used to supplicate:
“Allahumma inni as `alukal-huda, wat-tuqa, wal-`afafa wal-ghina [wa’fu’anna waghfirlana, wa`afeena, warhamna].
(O Allah! I beseech You for guidance, piety, chastity, contentment [pardon us, forgiveness, healthiness, and mercy on us]).”

[ Muslim]

Then top up with:

Abu Musa (radiyallāhu`anhu) reported: The Messenger of Allāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said to me, "Shall I not guide you to a treasure from the treasures of Jannah?'' I said: "Yes, O Messenger of Allāh!'' Thereupon he (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said, "(Recite)
‘Lā hawla wa lā quwwata illa billāh’
(There is no change of a condition nor power except by Allāh).''

[ Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Wasal lallāhu `ala Sayyidina Muhammadiñ wa `ala alihi wasahbihi ajmaeen.
(And Allāh's mercy be upon Sayyidina Muhammad, his family, and the entire companion.)

Subhâna Rabbika Rabbil `izzati `amma Yasifūn. Wasalamun `alal mursaleen. Walhamdulilahi Rabbil `ālameen.

(The Blessed Lord, The Lord that has all the attributes of excellent. And Peace on all the apostles, all the praise is to Allāh, the Lord of the entire universe).

 [Al-Saffāt, 37:180-182]

[ Via a  Compilation by Ibn Saleh]

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