Sunday, January 8, 2012

The Awrat

The Awrat

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and thanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of the al-`ālamīn. There is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam is His Messenger

What is awrat?

Those parts of a discreet and responsible person’s body that are harâm (forbidden) in Islam for him or her to leave uncovered; exposed during the performance of a Solāt and or whenever in company, and which are equally harâm for others to look at, are called awrat parts.
Men and women is commanded to cover their awrat

Islam has two sources for guidance and rulings: first, the Qurān, the revealed word of Allāh and secondly, the Hadith or the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam) who was chosen by Allāh to be the role model for mankind.

Men and women were commanded to cover their awrat parts through the surah al-Ahzab and An-Nur, which were revealed in the third year of the Hijrah. 

Allah Says:

“O Prophet, tell your wives and daughters and the believing women to draw their outer garments around them (when they go out or are among men). That is better in order that they may be known (to be Muslims) and not annoyed…”

[Al-Ahzab, 33:59]

“(30.) Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.). That is purer for them. Verily, Allāh is All-Aware of what they do.

(31.) And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband's fathers, their sons, their husband's sons, their brothers or their brother's sons, or their sister's sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allāh to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful.”

[An-Nur, 24:30-31]

The following is a Hadith of the Prophet (Sallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam):

Aishah (radiyallāhu`anha) reported: Asma, the daughter of Abu Bakar as-Siddiq (radiyallāhu`anhu) came to the Messenger of Allāh (Sallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam) while wearing thin clothing. Rasulullah (Sallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam) approached her and said: ‘O Asma! When a girl reaches the menstrual age, it is not proper that anything should remain exposed except this and this. Rasulullah (Sallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam) pointed to the face and hands.” [Recorded by Abu Dawud]

In the Mazhabs of Hanafi and Shafi`ie a man’s awrat parts for Solāt are between his navel and lower parts of his knees. The knees are awrat in Hanafi and the navel is awrat in Shafi’ie. The Solāt performed with these parts expose is not valid. When performing the solāt, it is sunnat for men to cover their other parts [arms, head], [and to wear socks if a long robe or a gown is not available]. It is makruh for them to perform the Solāt with these parts exposed.

All parts of free women, except their palms and faces, including their wrists, outer parts of their hands, hanging parts of their hair and under their feet are awrat for Solāt, in Hanafi. There are also valuable books saying that outer parts of hands are not awrat.

According to them, it is permissible for women to perform Solāt while outer parts of their hands up to wrists are bare. But, for having followed all the books, it is better for women to perform Solāt wearing a gown with sleeves long enough, or a head cover large enough, to cover their hands. There are (scholars) who said those women’s feet were not awrat in Solat, but they said that it was sunnat to cover and makruh to open them when performing Solāt and when going out. If one-fourth of a man’s or woman’s awrat part remains bare as long as one rukun, the Solāt becomes annulled. If a smaller part remains exposed, the Solāt does not become nullified, but it becomes makruh. For instance, the Solāt of a woman one-fourth of whose foot has remained bare will not be sahih (valid). If she herself uncovers it, her Solāt becomes annulled immediately.

Consequence of those women who expose themselves

Allāh’s Messenger (Sallallāhu ‘alaihi wassallam) said:

“The best of your women are the affectionate, the fertile, the comforting, and the agreeable – if they fear Allāh. The most evil of your women are those who expose and display themselves, and those who strut (to show off), and they are the hypocrites. Those who enter Paradise are like the red beaked crow (i.e very rare).”

[Recorded by Al-Baihaqi]

In order to truly show how evil those women who expose themselves are, Allāh’s Messenger (Sallallāhu ‘alaihi wassallam) says:

Of the people of Hell, there are two types that I have never seen; the first are those holding whips like the tail of an ox with which they flog people. The second are women who would be naked despite being dressed (i.e. either paltry dressed or wearing translucent clothes), who are seduced and who seduce others. Their hair is high like the humps of a camel. These women will not enter Paradise, nor will they smell its fragrance, although its fragrance can be smelled from such and such a (very far) distance.”


Allāh Says:
The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allāh (His Words, the Quran) and His Messenger (Sallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam), to judge between them, is that they say: "We hear and we obey." And such are the successful (who will live forever in Paradise).  And whosoever obeys Allāh and His Messenger (Sallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam), fears Allāh, and keeps his duty (to Him), such are the successful ones.

[An-Nur, 24: 51-52]


[Via Muxlim]

No comments: