Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Allāh's Attrubutes of Al-Hadi

Allāh's Attrubutes of Al-Hadi

(The Guide)

By Dr. Muhammad Ratib An-Nabulsi

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and Thanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of al-‘ālameen. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam is His Messenger. 

The universe leads to Allāh simply because it puts us face to face with Allāh’s infinite divine power, might, wisdom, mercy, knowledge, creativity.
Allāh has created the universe and provided it with His divine light.
The One who continually shows the right way. The One who kindly guides aright.
The One who sends prophets and messengers to guide mankind. The One who guides hearts to a knowledge of the Divine essence.
The One who is the source of all guidance. The One who faithfully continues to guide aright until the goal is finally attained.
From the root h-d-y which has the following classical Arabic connotations:
to guide rightly
to show with kindness the proper path
to guide on the right path until reaching the goal
to guide aright
to lead the right way
The word “Hadi” (The Guide) is derived from the Arabic root word h-d-y :
·        to guide rightly
·        to show with kindness the proper path
·        to guide on the right path until reaching the goal
·        to guide aright
·        to lead the right way

God “Al-Hadi” says: “And Allāh invites to the Home of Peace and guides whom He wills to the Straight Path.” (Yunus, 10: 25)
The straight path is a kind of way and Allāh has given man the ability to make his own choices; and whosoever desires guidance; Allāh guides him to a way that leads to the abode of peace for which man has been created.  For that he has been given the ability to make his own choices. If he chooses the abode of peace (paradise) Allāh guides him to the way that leads him to it.
The same the word “Hidayah” means guidance to the truth; Imam Al-Junaid (rahimahullah) said: “The words ‘guide us to the Straight Path’ mean: ‘O Lord! Make our hearts inclined towards You! Make all our work for You! And guide us unto You!’”

For that man has been given a free will to make his own choices in life. Allāh says: “Verily, We (Allāh) show him the Way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful.”(Al-Insan, 76: 3)

How Does Allāh guide His Slaves?

1-  The first and widest gate of guidance to Allāh is His creation, and in this sense His divine name “Al-Hadi” (The Guide) is derived from His divine act of guidance.
Allāh says: “Say: ‘Behold all that is in the heavens and the earth.’ But neither Signs nor warnings benefit those who believe not.” (Yunus, 10: 101)
Hence, the universe leads to Allāh simply because it puts us face to face with Allāh’s infinite divine power, might, wisdom, mercy, knowledge, creativity, etc. In other words, Allāh guides us by means of His creation: “Then let man look at his food.” (‘Abasa, 80: 24)
“Then let man look from what he has been created. He has been created from a gushing liquid, coming forth from the backbone and the ribs. Verily, He (Allāh) is Able to bring him back (to life)!” (At-Tariq, 86: 5-8)

2 -  Allāh’s words (the Qur’an) are another gate of guidance; sometimes, you look at a wonderful thing whose maker tells you that he has made it for such and such purpose and that the raw materials from which he has made it are of the best quality. In other words, the maker gives you direct information about his make directly from him.

Therefore, Allāh’s divine name “Al-Hadi” (The Guide) is derived from His divine Self as possessing the attribute of speech. In that way, Allāh guides man by His divine words:
“Verily, Allāh is All-Hearing, All-Seeing.” (Al-Hajj, 22: 75)
“Verily, Allāh is All-Powerful over all things.” (An-Nahl, 16: 77)
“Verily, Allāh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Al-Baqarah, 2: 182)
“And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and whatever moving living creatures He has dispersed in them both. And He is All-Potent over their assembling whenever He wills.”  (Ash-Shura 42: 29)
“And among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Prostrate yourselves not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate yourselves to Allāh, Who created them, if you (really) worship Him.” (Fussilat, 41: 37)
“And among His Signs is that He created you from dust, and then, behold, you are human beings scattered! And among His Signs is that He created for you wives from among yourselves that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed Signs for a people who reflect.” (Ar-Rum, 30: 20-1)
The Qur’an, contains rules, principles and commands. It contains a complete course of life. It contains information about previous nations and generations and the forthcoming ones. It contains information about the past, present and future; and it contains information about Allāh. About the Qur’an, Allāh says: “All Praise belongs to Allāh, Who has sent down to His slave (Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) the Book (the Qur’an) and has made no crookedness therein.”  (Al-Kahf,18: 1)

3 -  There are also events and incidents ‘divine acts’; things that happen, rain that falls down, droughts volcanoes, earthquakes …etc, that lead you to Allāh.In this context, Allāh says: “Then there passed by on it (the garden) a visitation (fire) from your Lord at night and burnt it while they were asleep.” (Al-Qalam, 68:19)
Sometimes, a harvest that is worth hundreds of millions of pounds is devastated by frost in three minutes. Just as the universe tells about Allāh and the Qur’an tells about His divine religion, Allāh has divine acts like frost, winds, hurricanes, floods, volcanoes, earthquakes, diseases, epidemics, droughts, poverty, oppression, …etc that tell about Him. Consider the following verses:  “And your Lord would never destroy the towns wrongfully while their people were good-doers.” (Hud, 11: 117) This is a kind of non-verbal teaching. He says: “Say: ‘Travel in the land and see how has been the end of criminals.” (Al-An’am, 6: 11)

4 -  Divine inspiration is another way by which Allāh guides you as, sometimes, He inspires you to enter a certain mosque in order to offer prayers; but you find a great number of people attending a religious lecture, so you sit and listen, and you find so many interesting things that keep you attracted to the mosque and devoted to it. These are all kinds of divine inspirations.

5 -  Good dreams are undoubtedly further kind of divine guidance. Sometimes, people have good righteous crystal clear dreams in their sleep. Such dreams motivate them to be more obedient and dutiful to Allāh. To this, Prophet Muhammad (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) says: “A good righteous dream is one part, out of forty-six parts, of Prophecy.”
Thus, if Allāh desires to teach you something directly and without the need for any inference, contemplation, or awareness on your part, or any divine acts as indicated by this verse: “Say: ‘Travel in the land and see what was the end of the beliers (those who rejected the truth).” (Al-An’am, 6: 11)

6 -  Also, Allāh sometimes guides you by making you meet, quite accidentally, another person, who tells you something or provides you with certain information that leads to your guidance. In other words, when I meet someone who tells me something, I should wonder, one way or another, “Who has made me meet such person?” It is certainly Allāh who has! “Who has made such person say what he said?” It is Allāh. “Who has inspired such person?” It is certainly Allāh. When you are not on the right way, and someone comes to show it to you, you should firmly believe that Allāh has made such person come and show you the right way. This is another kind of divine guidance, namely by means of other fellow humans.

7-  Feelings of spiritual comfort or discomfort are is another gate of guidance. For example, sometimes you intend to travel somewhere; but when you are about to leave, you suddenly feel uncomfortable, or comfortable, about it; and also you find that things go on smoothly and easily or awkwardly and most difficultly.

8 -  Also, Allāh sometimes makes man unable to think or make a decision about something, but He drives him to do it easily though unintentionally. In this context, Allāh says: Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High, Who has created (everything) in perfect proportion, and Who has decreed and guided, and Who brings out the pasturage and then makes it dark stubble. (Al-A’ala, 87: 1-5)

Scholars Classify Allāh’s Divine Guidance into Four Types:

1- General Divine Guidance
Allāh has provided you with the sense of smell, for example, which enables you to distinguish the smell of gas, which is sometimes very dangerous at home. This means that He guides you by means of the senses, one of which is the sense of smell. You sometimes hear a noise in the next room and hence guess that there is somebody in it. This means that Allāh guides you by the sense of hearing. Also, Allāh has given you the ability to think and deduce, just as He has granted you knowledge, experience, and awareness.
In this context, Allāh says: “He (Pharaoh) said: ‘Who, then, is the Lord of you two, o Moses?’ He (Moses) said: ‘Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright.’” (Ta-Ha, 20: 49-50)

2 - Divine Guidance to True Faith
By virtue of this type of divine guidance, Allāh guides mankind to Him, to His book, the Qur’an, and to the truth.

3 - Divine Guidance to Success
Regarding this type of guidance Allāh says:  “We narrate unto you their story with the truth: Truly, they were young men who believed in their Lord (Allāh), and We (Allāh) increased them in guidance.” (Al-Kahf 18: 13)

4- Divine Guidance to Paradise
To that Allāh says: “But those who are killed in the Way of Allāh, He will never let their deeds be lost. He will guide them and set right their state, and admit them to the Garden (of Paradise), which He has made known to them.” (Muhammad, 47: 4-6)

And Allāh Almighty Knows best.
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[Excerpted from “Toward Understanding Allāh's Attrubutes of Al-Hadi (The Guide)” By Dr. Muhammad Ratib An-Nabulsi, Via On Islam, Saturday, 04 December 2010 .Dr. Muhammad Ratib An-Nabulsi is a Muslim Syrian preacher and writer. He has written a number of Islamic books, most remarkable of which are: “Encyclopedia of the Beautiful Names of Allāh”, “Encyclopedia of Scientific Miracles of the Holy Quran and Prophetic Sunnah” , “Outlooks on Islam” and “Contemplations on Islam”. He delivers a number of lessons, orations, symposiums and chat programs broadcasted on the Syrian, Arab, and Islamic radios and Televisions. This article is a summarized version of the article (Al-Hadi) by the author, published at his web site www.nabulsi.com]

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