Wednesday, January 30, 2008

The Etiquette for Solāh al-Jumu`ah

The Etiquette for Solāh al-Jumu'ah

Jamaal al-Din Zarabozo

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and tanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of al-`ālameen. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam, is His Messenger.

"O believers, when the call is proclaimed for the prayer on Friday, come to the remembrance of Allāh and leave off business, that is better for you if you but did know." [Al-Jumu‘ah, 62:9]

The Etiquette for Solāh al-Jumu‘ah consists of the following.

1 - Purifying and Cleaning Oneself.

The person intending to perform Solāh al-Jum‘ah is highly encouraged to have ghusl (full bath or shower). The majority of the scholars are of the opinion that the ghusl for Solāh a-Jumu‘ah is recommended (Sunnah) but not obligatory. The ghusul is performed starting from the time of Fajar Prayer. Also, if a person performs ghusl and then later invalidates his ablution, he need not repeat the ghusl. Making ablution (wudhu’) suffices. Furthermore, one ghusl may be used for removing sexual defilement (janabah) and for Solāh al-Jumu‘ah.

2 - Going Early To the Masjid.

There is a great reward in going early to Solāh al-Jumu‘ah, beginning after sunrise. By leaving for Solāh al-Jumu‘ah, one gets the reward of waiting for the Prayer, making dzikir (remembering Allāh) and voluntary prayers during that time.

Abu Umāmah narrated that the Messenger of Allāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said:

"The angels sit at the doors to the Masjids and with them are scrolls in which they record the people [who come]. When the Imām appears, the scrolls are rolled up." Abu Umāmah was asked, "Does the one who comes after the Imām still have a Friday Prayer?" he said, "Certainly, but he is not one of those who is recorded [as coming early]." [Ahmad and al-Tabarāni]

3 - Dressing well for Solāh Al-Jumu‘ah.

This is a special time that requires Muslims to appear in the best manner possible. One should therefore put on his best attire for Solāh al-Jumuah.

The Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said: "If one has the means, he should buy two pieces of clothing, other than his work clothes or [everyday clothing], to wear on Friday." [Abu Dawud]

4- Performing Tahiyat-Al-Masjid.

If a person comes late to the Friday Prayer while the Imām is delivering the khutbah, should he pray the two raka‘ahs of Tahiyat-Al-Masjid (prayer of greeting the mosque) and the sit or should he simply skip them? The strongest opinion is to perform the Tahiyatul-Masjid based on the Hadith of the Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam): "If one of you comes to the Masjid, he should pray two raka`at before he sits" [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. However, SolāhTahiyat-Al-Masjid is not required of the person giving the khutbah. Also, this requirement is limited only to prayers offered in a Masjid.

5 - Other Etiquette of Solāh al-Jumu‘ah:

1. Walking to the Masjid whenever feasible as there is a reward for every step taken to the Masjid.
2. Avoiding stepping over people to get to a particular spot in the Masjid.
3. Avoiding dividing two people who are sitting together.
4. Not making someone stand and taking his place.
5. Not clasping one’s hands and intertwining one’s fingers while waiting for the prayer.
6. Sitting in the front rows and close to the Imām whenever possible.
7. Remaining quiet while the Imām is delivering the khutbah. This actually includes listening to the Imām and not playing with anything while the Imām is speaking.
8. Going to the Masjid in a state of calmness and not being hurried.
9. Reciting Surah Al-Kahfi (Surah 18) as an authentic Hadith states: "For whoever recites surah al-Kahf on Friday, it will be a light for him from that Friday to the next." [Al-Baihaqi and Al-Hākim] The surah could be read any time of the day.

Indeed, Solāh al-Jumu‘ah is one of the most important acts of worship in Islam. The Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) has described the wonderful blessings and benefits that Allāh has vouched safe upon Muslims through this magnificent act. Knowing how important this prayer is in Allāh’s sight, Muslims must do their best to perform it in the best way possible. They should strive and sacrifice for the sake of this Prayer.

And Allāh Knows Best.

[Excerpted from Solāh al-Jumu‘ah from Al-Jumu‘ah magazine (vol. 8, No.4) - Adapted from the Fiqh of the Friday Prayer - IANA via Islām.Com]

See: Solāh Tahiyyatul Masjid
See: Disturbing others in Masjid is evil deed

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