Thursday, May 6, 2010

The Second Raka`ah of Solāh

The Second Raka`ah

 The Solāh of the Prophet S.A.W
By Shaikh Muhammad Nasiruddin Al-Albāni

[The book was translated by Usama Ibn Suhaib Hasan Al-Britani; it would be worthwhile to revisit it and I invite you to provide inputs with regards to this piece of work by Albāni]

The Description of the Solāh 

2.10. The Second Raka`ah
In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and thanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of  al-`ālameen. There is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam, is His Messenger

"When the Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) got up for the second raka`ah, he (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) would commence with All Praise be to Allāh (Fātihah 1:1), without pausing." [170]

He (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) would perform this raka`ah exactly as he performed the first, except that he would make it shorter than the first, as before.

                The Obligation of Reciting Surah Al-Fātihah in every Raka`ah

Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam)  ordered "the one who prayed badly" to recite Al-Fātihah in every raka`ah, when he said to him after ordering him to recite it in the first raka`ah [171], then do that throughout your prayer [172] (in one narration: in every raka`ah). [173] He also used to say, There is recitation in every raka`ah. [174]



170. Muslim and Abu `Awānah. The pause negated in this hadith could be a pause for reciting an opening supplication, and not include a pause for reciting the isti‘ādhah, or it could be wider in meaning than that; I find the former possibility more convincing. There are two views among the scholars regarding
the isti`ādhahh, and we regard the correct one as being that it is to be said in every raka`ah; the details of all this are given in al-Asl.
171. Abu Dawud and Ahmad with a strong sanad.
172. Bukhari and Muslim.
173. Ahmad with a good isnad.
174. Ibn Mājah, Ibn Hibbān in his Sahih and Ahmad in Ibn Hani’s Masā`il (1/52). Jabir bin `Abdullah (radiyallāhu‘anhu) said, "He who prays a raka‘ah in which he does not recite the Mother of the Qur`
ān has not prayed, except behind an imam" - related by Malik in Muwatta'.

 [Via The Qur`
ān and Sunnah Society]

See: 5. Bibliography

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