Thursday, May 13, 2010

The Concluding Taslim of Solāh

The Concluding Taslīm Of Solāh
(Salutation of Peace)

 The Solāh of the Prophet S.A.W
By Shaikh Muhammad Nasiruddin Al-Albāni

[The book was translated by Usama Ibn Suhaib Hasan al-Britani; it would be worthwhile to revisit it and I invite you to provide inputs with regards to this piece of work by Albāni]

The Description of the Solāh
2.14.The Taslīm (Salutation of Peace)

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and thanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of the al-'ālameen. There is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam, is His Messenger

The Taslīm (Salutation of Peace)

Finally, The Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) would salute to his right:

“Assalāmu `alaikum wa rahmatullāh”
(Peace and Allāh's Mercy be on you)

[Such that the whiteness of his right cheek was visible,], and on his left:

“Assalāmu `laikum wa rahmatullāh”
(Peace and Allāh's Mercy be on you)

[Such that the whiteness of his left cheek was visible]."[277]

Sometimes, Rasūlullāh would add to the greeting on the right:

(... and His blessings be on you). [278]

"When Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu 'alaihi wa sallam) said:

“Assalāmu `alaikum wa rahmatullāh”
(Peace and Allāh's Mercy be on you)

to his right,

Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu 'alaihi wa sallam) would sometimes shorten the greeting on his left to:

“Assalamu `alaikum”
(Peace be on you). [279]

Sometimes, “Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) would salute once only,

Assalamu `alaikum”
(Peace is on you)

[In front of his face, turning to his right side a bit,] [Or a little]."[280]

"They used to gesture with their hands when saluting to the right and left; when the Messenger of Allāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) saw them, he said, 'What is the matter with you, gesturing with your hands as if they are the tails of wild horses?! When one of you salutes, he should look towards his companion and not indicate with his hand.' [So when they prayed with him, they did not gesture.] (In one narration: It is enough for each of you to place his hand on his thigh, and then salute his brothers who are on his right and left). [281]

The Obligation of the Taslīm
Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) used to say ... it (the prayer) is exited by the taslīm.[282]


This is the last of what has been possible to compile regarding the description of the Prophet's prayer (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) from the takbīr to the taslīm: I hope that Allāh will make it sincerely for His Face, Full of Honour, and a guide to the Sunnah of His kind and merciful Prophet
(Sallallāhu 'alaihi wa sallam) .

“Subhānallāhi wabihamdih, subhānaka Allāhumma wabihamdi ka, Ashhaduan lāilāha illalla anta, Astaghfiruka watubu ilaik;
Allāhumma Salli ‘ala Muhammad, Wa `ala āli Muhammad, wabarik `ala Muhammad, Kama sallaita wabarakta `ala Ibrāhīm, wa āli Ibrāhīm;
Innaka Hamīdum majīd”

(Glorified be Allāh, and Praised. Glorified be You, O Allāh, and Praised. I bear witness that there is no true god except You. I seek forgiveness from You and repent to You.
O Allāh! Send prayers on Muhammad, and on the family of Muhammad, and send blessings on Muhammad, and on the family of Muhammad, as You sent prayers on Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory). [283]

And Allāh Almighty Knows Best


277. Abu Dawud, Nasā`ie and Tirmidzi, who declared it sahih.
278. Abu Dawud and Ibn Khuzaimah (1/87/2) with a sahih sanad. `Abdul Haqq also declared it sahih in his Ahkām (56/2), as did Nawawi and Ibn Hajar. It was also transmitted via another route by `Abdur Razzaq in his Musannaf (2/219), Abu Ya’la in his Musnad (3/1253), and Tabarāni in Mu `jam al-Kabir (3/67/2) and Mu’jam al-Awsat (no. 4476 - my numbering) and Daraqutni
279. Nasā`ie, Ahmad and Siraj with a sahih sanad.
280. Ibn Khuzaimah, Baihaqi, Diya' in al-Mukhtaarah and ‘Abdul Ghani al-Maqdisi in his Sunan (243/1) with a sahih isnad; Ahmad, Tabarāni in Mu`jam al-Awsat (32/2), Baihaqi, Ibn al-Mulaqqin (29/1) and Hakim, who declared it sahih and Dhahabi agreed. Its takhrij is given in Irwa' al-Ghalīl under hadith no. 327.
281. Muslim, Abu `Awānah, Siraj, Ibn Khuzaimah and Tabarāni.
*NB: The Ibadiyyah have distorted this hadith: their scholar Rabī’ has related it in his unreliable Musnad with a different wording to justify their view that raising the hands with takbeer invalidates the Prayer! That wording is false, as I have explained in ad-Da`iefah (6044).
282. Hākim and Dhahabi declared it sahih; it has already been given in full under the opening "Takbīr".
283. The first supplication is the fullest form of the duā’ known as Kaffarah al-Majlis (expiation of the gathering); "he who says it in a gathering of Remembrance (of Allāh), it will be like a seal to stamp it with, and he who says it in a gathering of vain talk, it will be an expiation for it" - authentically related by Hakim and Tabarāni. The second supplication is, of course, from the Sunnah of sending peace and mercy on the Messenger. These two supplications are thus the best way of implementing the following Islamic guideline: "No people sit in a gathering in which they do not mention Allāh, nor send prayers on the Prophet, without it being a source of regret for them; if Allāh wishes, He will punish them, or if He wishes, he will forgive them" - authentically related by Tirmidzi, Hakim and Ahmad. See Shaykh Albani’s Silsilah al-Ahādith as-Sahihah (74-81) for details.

[The Qur'an and Sunnah Society]

2.6. Opening Supplications of Solāh; 2.7. The Recitation;

All About The Solah

4. Al-Wudhu’ ; 5. Tayammum;
29.   Solāh al-Jumu`ah; 30. The Sanctified Hour of Jumu’ah.

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