Tuesday, February 12, 2008

Catching Up With A Raka`ah?

Ways of Catching Up With A Raka`ah?

Sheikh Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid

Question: If one comes and joins the Solāh when the imam is standing up from ruku’ (bowing), but he has yet to say the Takbir, does this counted as a raka`ah for him or not and why?

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and thanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of al-`ālamīn. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam is His Messenger.

If a person joins the congregation when the imām is bowing, one of the following three situations applies:

1- He says Takbirat Al-Ihram, “Allahu Akbar” to start the solah whilst standing, then he bows whilst the imam is bowing. In this case he has caught up with the raka`ah with the imām.

2- He says Takbirat Al-Ihram whilst the imām is bowing, but he bows after the imām has stood up from ruku’. In this case he is not counted as having caught up with the raka`ah with the imām, and he has to make it up.

3- He bows straightaway without saying Takbirat Al-Ihram. In this case his Solāh is invalid, because he has omitted one of the pillars or essential parts of the Solāh, which is takbirat al-ihram.

“The fuqaha’ agreed that whoever catches up with the imām in ruku’ has caught up with the raka`ah. The Prophet (Sallallāhu `alayhi wasallam) said:

‘Whoever catches up with ruku’ has caught up with the raka`ah.’”

This was narrated by Abu Dawud and classed as sahih by al-Albāni in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 496; on p. 262 he said: one of the things that strengthen the hadith is the fact that the Sahābah acted in accordance with this:

1 – Ibn Mas`ud (radiyallāhu`anhu), who said: “Whoever does not catch up with the imām when he is bowing has not caught up with that raka`ah.” Its isnad is sahih.

2 – ‘Abdullah ibn `Umar (radiyallāhu`anhu), who said: “If you come when the imām is bowing, and you put your hands on your knees before the imām stands up, then you have caught up (with that raka`ah).” Its isnād is sahih.

3 - Zayd ibn Thabit (radiyallāhu`anhu), who used to say: “Whoever catches up with the raka`ah before the imām raises his head has indeed caught up with the raka`ah.” Its isnād is jayyid.

See al-Mawsu’ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah, 23/133; al-Mughni, 1/298.

And Allāh Almighty Knows best.

[Via Islam Q&A]

2.6. Opening Supplications of Solāh; 2.7. The Recitation;

All About The Solah

4. Al-Wudhu’ ; 5. Tayammum;
29.   Solāh al-Jumu`ah; 30. The Sanctified Hour of Jumu’ah.

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